Top 5 Lifestyle Diseases in Indonesia
According to the Ministry of Health' s data (2013), lifestyle diseases were the leading causes of death in Indonesia. The most common lifestyle diseases are cancer, chronic kidney disease, heart disease, stroke, and hypertension.
- Cancer. The seventh leading cause of death in Indonesia. Based on the Indonesian Basic Health Research 2007, the cancer death rate was 4.3 per 1,000 people.
- Chronic kidney disease. This disease is associated with mortality. After receiving dialysis for one year, only 70% of CKD patients will improve their survival.
- Heart disease. Based on the National Household Health Survey (SKRTN), the heart disease death rate was 53.5 per 100,000 people. Another data from the last ten years showed that heart disease caused 53 deaths per 1,000 people annually.
- Stroke. In 2011, 8 people per 1,000 in Indonesia were living with stroke. Stroke is also one of the leading causes of death for all ages with proportion at 15.4%. Stroke causes one of seven deaths in Indonesia. The leading cause of stroke is hypertension.
- Hypertension. The Ministry of Health' s data showed that hypertension is one of the high prevalence diseases, suffered by 31.7% of the population. It means that 1 out of 3 people in Indonesia has hypertension. According to WHO, hypertension accounts for 51% of all deaths through stroke and the other 45% through coronary heart attack.
The government has limited available resources for the diseases. However, each year the healthcare for the diseases needs a larger share of the funding. In 2012, for instance, the diseases accounted for the lion' s share of the budget of Jamkesmas. Of the total budget, 83% was used up in covering the diseases.