Tuesday, 04 September 2018

Keep Track of Early Aging Process

The tests to be taken to detect factors encouraging early aging in order to set up the appropriate anti-aging therapy as well as to evaluate the responses for the given therapy are as follows:

  1. Antioxidant Status

Despite being equipped with the antioxidant system to buffer the effects of free radicals, our body needs external interventions when there is excessive amount of free radicals outbalancing the system.

Our body produces antioxidant named endogenous antioxidant in the form of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase. Meanwhile, antioxidants originating from foods (exogenous antioxidant) are in the form of vitamin C, vitamin E, and beta carotene. SOD, Gpx, and total antioxidant status (TAS) tests can be taken to figure out the antioxidant status within the body.

  1. Inflammatory Markers

In addition to causing cells producing compounds that may change other cells' function and form due to the presence of diseases such as heart disease, cancer, nervous system disease, and autoimmune disease, inflammation in the body may also trigger aging.

One of the compounds produced by the inflammation is IL-6 which stimulates the liver to generate CRP. IL-6, TNF-cx, or hs-CRP needs to be conducted to reveal the presence of inflammation.

  1. Hormonal Balance

Hormone is an active substance generated by the endocrine gland to the blood stream, specifically regulating the function of organ or bodily tissue located at a distance from the gland producing such hormone. Hormone is useful to catalyze and regulate various processes of metabolism including inhibit any disruptive reactions.

Several hormones specifically related to aging process are growth hormone (GH), melatonin, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), testosterone, estrogen, and thyroid hormones (TSHs, FT4).

Other popular tests are:

  1. Telomere Length Analysis

By knowing your telomere length, we can figure out its age effectiveness, early detect chronic diseases, categorize disease risks, monitor the lifestyle changing program, and also the effectiveness of aging treatment. Aging is the result of the decreasing number or function of cells. Telomere, a part of DNA structure, shortens up to a certain point where the cells can no longer replicate properly every time they replicate. Telomere is a repetitive sequence of DNA structure (tandem repeat) located at the end of each chromosome, acting as a cap at the end of the chromosome which protects the chromosome from getting impaired and holds an important role in the aging process.