Wednesday, 11 April 2018

Prostate Cancer: All Men’s Enemy

Prostate is a small walnut-sized gland in the male reproductive system. This small gland is located below the bladder, in front of the anus, and surrounding the foremost part of the urinary tract. Right above the prostate there are seminal vesicles, which are 2 small glands serving to produce about 60% of the semen components. Semen is a means of transportation and the nutrition for sperm. Along the prostate, there are nerves that controls the erection. Having such an anatomy, it is obvious that the prostate has an important role in both urinary and reproduction systems. In the urinary system, the prostate helps control the urine discharge by directly pressing the part of urinary tract it surrounds. Reproduction-wise, the prostate produces the components highly valuable for the lifespan of sperm and during fertilization.

Prostate cancer is a severity developing in the prostate due to the abnormal and uncontrolled development of its cells. The cells then press and damage the surrounding normal cells. This condition may be life threatening. It is not clear what causes prostate cancer. Yet, there are 2 factors assumed to increase the risk of prostate cancer, which are age and family history. The risk level increases along with the aging. In addition, the risk doubles when other family members also had this disease before. The risk grows even higher when the family members have the prostate cancer before reaching 55 years old or there are more than 2 family members having this disease. The hormonal condition, smoking habit, frequent consumption of high-fat food with small portion of vegetable, and physical inactivity are also suspected to raise the risk of prostate cancer (though not definitely related). Having known the risk factors, men should have been able to decide when to have a prostate cancer screening.

All men must beware of prostate cancer. The prostate is a reproductive gland which is only found in men to produce sperm and keep it alive. Thus, prostate cancer is the worst enemy for men' s health.