Prostate Cancer, All Men’s Enemy
Prostate is a small walnut-sized gland in the male reproductive system. This small gland is located below the bladder, in front of the anus, and surrounding the foremost part of the urinary tract.
Prostate helps produce the bodily fluid that fertilizes and protects the sperm. At the moment of ejaculation, the prostate transfers this fluid into the urethra. The discharged fluid will flow along with sperm and the combination of both is known as semen.
The development of the prostate cancer takes place in the prostate, as the term suggests. This occurs when the prostate cells undergo a mutation and uncontrollably develop into severe tumor. These cells can metastatically (and even further) spread to other parts of the body such as bones, the lungs, and the liver.
It' s Not Clear What Causes Prostate Cancer
Like other cancers, prostate cancer belongs to multifactorial disorders, which incorporate genetics, ethnicity, hormone and environment as the contributing factors. The cause is not certain, yet age and family history might be the risk factors of this disease.
The risk level increases along with the aging. In addition, the risk doubles when other family members also had this disease before. The hormonal condition, smoking habit, frequent consumption of high-fat food with small portion of vegetable and physical inactivity are also suspected to raise the risk of prostate cancer (though not definitely related).
Prostate cancer might come without an alert at the early stage of its development. The symptoms of prostate cancer will emerge when it gets bigger or swells up and starts to affect the urethra. Yet, the symptoms are not typical and similar to the symptoms ofBenign Prostatic Hyperplasia(BPH), the moderate enlargement of the prostate that is common among elderly men or caused by urinary tract infection. The symptoms are as follows:
- More frequent urges to urinate, particularly at night
- Pain while urinating
- Sensation of bladder fullness
- Blood in the urine or semen
- Weak flow of urine
Since the symptoms of both diseases are very similar, it is highly necessary to have several tests that are able to early detect and, at once, distinguish between the prostate cancer and BPH, such asdigital rectal examination (DRE), prostate specific antigen (PSA) test and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) test.
The early detected occurrence of prostate cancer can be treated more easily, allowing for the prevention of its fatal consequences.