Friday, 19 October 2018

Osteoporosis Doesn’t Only Affect Women and the Elderly

Considering osteoporosis as a bone disease affecting mainly women, and being cautious with it only when you are getting old are misleading myths. Osteoporosis is not only a threat for women and the elderly. The risk of osteoporosis can emerge from many factors, thus all people can suffer from it.

Brittle bone or osteoporosis is a symptomless and long-running disease caused by the gradual deterioration of bone density. If it is not detected and treated early, the bones become weaker and more brittle, making it more susceptible to fracture. Bone fracture occurring from osteoporosis can cause pain and even death. Furthermore, this condition requires high-cost treatment.

Habitual drinking and smoking, lack of calcium and vitamin D intake, lack of physical activity, and others make men have the similar risk of osteoporosis as women. Apart from that, eating disorder and excessive physical training as experienced by young women who are active in sport, ballet, gymnastics, and highly value low bodyweight make them have similar risk.

Rickets due to lack of vitamin D, less intake of calcium, being a vegetarian or current corticosteroid treatment for asthma can also put children at risk for developing osteoporosis. Therefore, now this should be the right time for all of us to start anticipating osteoporosis, particularly if we have a high risk.

Osteoporosis risk assessment will be better if supplemented with bone density tests. One of those tests is the bone biochemical marker analysis. Biochemical marker analysis is a blood test capable of assessing the formation and deterioration of bone as well as the balance between those two. If the resorption or breaking down process of bone is more dominant than the formation of new bone, the bone density will decrease rapidly and the risk of having osteoporosis in the future will occur.

Bone biochemical marker analysis includes C-Telopeptide (CTx) and N-MID Osteocalcin. C-Telopeptide (CTx) analysis functions as an assessment for the breaking down of bone, while N-MID Osteocalcin can assess the formation of bone. If the result of bone biochemical marker analysis indicates that you have a high risk of osteoporosis, consult a doctor. If required, the doctor will ask you to take a follow-up test such as the bone mineral density (BMD) to determine the density level and condition of bone.