Monday, 28 May 2018

Don’t Wait Until You’re Old to Take a Medical Check Up

You might have heard it before, medical check-up is more popular among adults and the elderly. In fact, medical check-up is a basic need for everyone, from infant up to the elderly. It is necessary because each age group has different medical risks.

Types of test needed for each stage of life vary according to the medical risks.

For example, newborn infants needs to take several types of test to examine their physical and organ health. An example of a test conducted for newborn infant is Apgar score, a method to asses skin color, respiratory function, reflex, muscle strength, and heartbeat. When the babies are 3-5 days old, they should take a laboratory test to figure out their health status.

The check-up for 3-5 day old babies commonly aims at detecting the possibilities of congenital anomalies, such as low thyroid level and G6PD enzyme deficiency, which may affect their growth and development.

While, for babies aged up to one year old, they are recommended to take a medical check-up such as routine hematology test. This test is needed because children at this age often have anemia which affects their growth and development.

Routine hematology test is also recommended for children aged one up to three years old. In addition to routine hematology, children at this age are also recommended to take routine urine to detect urinary tract infection. As for preschoolers aged 3-5 years old, they are recommended to have their nutritional status examined. This test is necessary because children at this age are at risk of suffering from diarrhea and pneumonia. It has been proven by the fact that there are many cases of children who die from those two diseases.

Based on the UNICEF report 2012, 400 Indonesian toddlers died every day due to pneumonia and diarrhea. Globally, these two diseases have been confirmed to be the cause of death of 1.4 million children every year.

As for children of school age, the types of test needed are different. Their digestive tract condition needs to be examined. Furthermore, lipid or fat profile test can be included in the examination if needed. Meanwhile, for 12-18 year old teenagers, they also need to take tests to detect diabetes mellitus and hypertension.

From Young to Old Age

The needs of taking a medical check-up periodically become more important when you are between 18-30 years old. Furthermore, most young people today adopt an unhealthy lifestyle. "Currently, young people tend to eat food without considering its nutritional content," said a member of the Central Presidium of Indonesian General Practitioners Association (PDUI) Dyah Agustina in her discussion with Kompas.com, on Thursday (27/4/2017).

Additionally, young people, especially for those who live in urban areas, like to adopt an instantaneous, sedentary, competitive, stressful, and bustle way of life. Generally they do not realize that they have family history which may increase the risk of developing certain diseases. As a result, many young people develop sudden chronic disease. According to WHO (2013), more than 2.6 million young people aged 10 to 24 die each year.

Most of them was caused by diseases such as HIV and problems on respiratory system. Thus, taking a medical check-up, such as Young Generation Check-Up Panel, is highly recommended for this group of age. The test includes routine hematology to detect infection and anemia, creatinine to asses the kidney functions,thorax X-ray to examine lungs and heart condition, cholesterol (Total Cholesterol, HDL, Direct-LDL) and Triglyceride to asses fat profile and the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Turning 30, people are still productive, but the risk to get sick increases. Therefore, it is recommended for them to take a check-up panel such as routine hematology, routine urine, routine feces, total bilirubin, GOT, cholesterol (Total, HDL, and Direct-LDL) and Triglyceride tests.

Through these laboratory tests, people will be able to check blood disorder and infection, kidney condition, gastrointestinal tract, liver and bile tract condition, risk of diabetes mellitus, and lipid and body metabolism.

Turning 55, medical check-up becomes necessity if you want to healthy as you age. Through a medical check-up, the elderly

can detect early degenerative diseases.

Some common health problems of the elderly include blood anomalies or disorders, gastrointestinal infections,

liver and kidney functionality problems, cardiovascular diseases, and thyroid functionality disorder. Therefore, they are advised to take Check-Up Plus Panel comprising Cystatin C test to early detect kidney disorders, AFP test to detect liver cancer, and hsCRP test to discover the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Well, in conclusion, if we routinely take a medical check-up, the risks of developing chronic diseases can be avoided. So, do not waste any more time to take a medical check-up.

This article was published on Kompas.com with the title of "Tak Perlu Tunggu Tua untuk " Medical Check-Up" !"

Author: Cahyu Cantika Amiranti

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