Colposcopy: Cervical Cancer Diagnosis (Cervical Cancer)
Cervical cancer (cervix) is a curable cancer if known at the beginning, so the screening step is an appropriate effort to do.
A common screening of cervical cancer screening for cervical cell abnormalities is Pap smear or cervical-based cytology (SSBC) and Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA examination to determine whether or not HPV high-risk viral infection can cause cervical cancer.
In addition to the examinations associated with infections and abnormal cervical cells, advanced screening of cervical cancer can also be done with colposcopy, ie examination to see the overall cervix in detail.
What is colposcopy?
Colposcopy examination is an examination by means of a colposcope (magnifying lens such as a microscope) inserted into the vagina and given acetic acid. Colposcopy examination is useful to see abnormalities of epithelial cells and blood vessels in the cervix, but it can see the vulva and vagina.
Benefits and benefits of colposcopy
Colposcopy is a medical diagnostic examination to ascertain the presence or absence of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN), ie abnormal changes of cervical cells caused by HPV and its severity.
When is colposcopy done?
- If pap smear or SSBC results are not clear.
- If pap smear or SSBC results show abnormal cervical cells with positive HPV DNA testing.
- If pap smear or SSBC negative but positive HPV DNA examination, and preferably HPV type 16 or 18.
Certain symptoms that cause suspicion of cervical abnormalities, including vaginal bleeding and cervical inflammation.