Dementia Symptoms You Should Beware Of
Dementia sufferers generally experience the symptoms of the carrier disease. However, the main symptom is actually the cognitive and psychological change. Cognitive disorders include memory loss, difficulty in communicating, difficulty in speaking, difficulty in solving problem or planning something, loss of concentration, difficulty in assessing and taking decision, difficulty in controlling body movement. The sufferers of cognitive disorders usually feel confused and absentminded.
Whilst the psychological disorders include depression, anxiety, behavioral changes, paranoid, and fears. Some even hallucinate, agitate, and easily get irritated.
Accurate test is required
According to dr. Saunderajen, Sp.S, M.Si. Med, dementia is not easy to diagnose. In addition to its various triggers, there are many diseases that have similar symptoms to dementia. Generally, after examining the medical records and checking the family record, physicians will do a physical examination and a number of supporting tests, such as:
- Cognitive and neuropsychological tests
Examining the ability to think, remember, orient, asses, concentrate, and speak.
- Neurological test
Examining the motor, balancing, tasting, and reflex skills. This test is to determine whether the disease is Alzheimer or Parkinson.
Examining the brain muscle, tissue, and nerve through CT scan, MRI, EEG, and PET scan.
- Spinal fluid analysis
To examine any infection or inflammation in the nervous system.
- Psychiatric tests
This test is conducted if the patient is depressed by not willing to speak, stay quiet, or showing unpleasant behavior which can affect the brain health.
- Blood analysis
To examine any abnormalities affecting the brain functions such as vitamin B12 deficiency or decreased function of the thyroid gland.
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