Friday, 18 May 2018

Keeping a Baby Healthy in Your Womb

Pregnancy is a gift from God for every married woman. Glowing with happiness of having a baby, pregnant women strive to keep the baby healthy for nine months long.

Risk of diseases during pregnancy

  1. Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is a type of hypertension which occurs during pregnancy. The causes of preeclampsia have not been comprehensively established. The criteria of preeclampsia risks include:

- Microvascular (small blood vessels/capillaries) diseases such as chronic hypertension, kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, and joint diseases.

- Thrombophilia (blood disease due to excessive thrombocytes)

- Obesity and insulin resistance

- Getting pregnant over 40

- Family history of preeclampsia and cardiovascular diseases

- History of disorder during previous pregnancy(ies) (hindered fetal development, placental abruption, fetal death)

  1. Diabetes

If you have diabetes during pregnancy or having suffered from diabetes before the pregnancy, you will need special treatment.

- The risks for the mother: hypertension, thrombosis, preeclampsia, diabetic kidney disease, diabetic retinopathy.

- The risks for the infant: risk of congenital abnormality and advanced or delayed growth.

If you have gestational diabetes, you need to adjust your diet by increasing carbohydrate intake and avoid high fat and glucose food. You may need insulin injections to control your blood sugar.

Prenatal check-up

In addition to consume nutritious food, you can maintain your health condition by consulting with your doctor or taking laboratory tests. In Prodia Clinical Laboratory, laboratory tests for pregnant woman may be conducted through prenatal check-up.

The prenatal check-up includes the following tests:

  1. Routine Hematology: to measure blood count, to provide information about possible systemic disorders such as heart and kidney diseases, and also to provide information about the possibility of anemia and blood coagulation disorder on pregnant women.
  2. Routine Urine: to allow identification of possible infection and urinary tract diseases, and to measure glucose and protein in the urine.
  3. Blood types A, B, O, and Rhesus: to determine the risk of rhesus (Rh) factor. If there is rhesus incompatibility between the mother and the infant during pregnancy, it will cause irregular antibody formation which destroys the fetus erythrocyte.
  4. Fasting blood glucose and 2-hour postprandial (PP) blood glucose: to detect the occurrence of gestational diabetes that might lead to miscarriage, and/or might damage the fetus' brain and kidney.
  5. HBaAg: to detect the occurrence of hepatitis B virus and may avoid the disease transmission to the fetus.

TORCH and VLDR/RPR: to detect the occurrence of Toxoplasma, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes, and Syphilis infections that might lead complication to the fetus.

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