Monday, 19 June 2017

Neonatal Screening Test, Third Day’s Precious Moment

A child is the most wonderful gift for parents. To welcome the baby, a wait of nine months long is worthwhile. Their joy will even be more perfect if the baby is born in health condition, with no impairment due to hereditary disease.

Being born to the world, the baby looks perfect from the outside, but how about the inside? That is why a check-up is necessary to comprehend the baby' s health condition thoroughly and anticipate any potential of hereditary diseases, the barriers for the growth.

Being aware of the importance of knowing the baby' s early health condition for the sake of good growth process, Prodia Clinical Laboratory provides a check-up panel called Neonatal Screening Test Panel.

Neonatal Screening Test Panel

Neonatal Screening Test is an examination conducted to screen the newborn, 48-120 hours or 2-5 days after birth. It aims at detecting any possibility of illness that may later disturb the growth and development, or even cause a serious complication.

Neonatal Screening Test is crucial because whenever the test result indicates any hereditary disease, the treatment can be performed immediately so that the baby can grow and develop normally. Neonatal Screening Test is conducted by taking blood specimen from the baby' s heel (heel prick test) and dropping it on to a filter paper.

Types of Neonatal Screening Test Panel

  1. Neonatal TSH

This examination aims at detecting congenital hypothyroidism. Congenital hypothyroidism is a congenital disease caused by the deficiency of thyroid hormone. Insufficient thyroid hormone may result in mental retardation, developmental coordination disorder, etc.

Commonly, babies with congenital hypothyroidism look clinically normal until the age of 3 months. However, at the same time their brain development may have been disrupted. The clinical symptoms are not specific. They may even take place in the baby without congenital hypothyroidism. Here are several symptoms observable in babies: jaundice, constipation, floppiness, eating disorder, as well as swollen tongue and face.

  1. Neonatal G6PD

This examination aims at detectingglucose-6-phospate dehydrogenase (G6PD) enzyme deficiency. G6PD is a genetic disorder caused by the deficiency of G6PD enzyme. Due to G6PD deficiency, the erythrocyte gets damaged more quickly and further hemolyzed. G6PD deficiency makes the erythrocyte unable to effectively transport the oxygen throughout the body. Other than hemolytic anemia, jaundice is the primary symptom of G6PD deficiency in babies.

The observable symptoms are, among others, jaundice, backache, shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, and sudden increase on the temperature of the body. Baby with congenital hypothyroidism and G6PD deficiency will look normal at birth, but sooner or later such condition will affect the baby' s brain or physical development and cause other medical problems. In fact, it may lead to complications in the form of long-standing abnormalities.

Bring your infants for neonatal screening test in their first 2-5 days for the sake of their growth and development.