Lung cancer is one of the most common and preventable cancers. According to WHO data, lung cancer is a type of cancer commonly suffered by men in Indonesia.
Symptoms: at early stage, there is no symptom unless the cancerous cells have spread to most part of the lungs or other body parts. Some main symptoms of lung cancer are lingering cough that gets worse, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, pain on the chest, unexplained fatigue, swelling on the face and neck, headache, bone pain, weight loss, hoarseness, difficulty in swallowing, loss of appetite or change on the shape of finger tips namely finger clubbing.
Cause: the root cause of lung cancer is smoking habit, both for active and passive smokers. Active smokers are at the highest risk of developing lung cancer. About 85% of lung cancer cases are associated with smoking habit. Though the incidence rate is lower, passive smokers may also develop lung cancer. In addition to smoking, other causes of lung cancer are arsenic inhalation, radiation, and air pollution.
Treatment: treatment and recovery of lung cancer depend on the cancer invasion and the time of detection. The earlier the diagnosis is established, the greater the chance for the patient to recover through treatment.